Data Validation for Fertilizers

Improving Fertilizer Operations with Sigmafine

The highly competitive fertilizer industry often suppresses the product’s value, thus, it is critical that plants consistently achieve high asset utilization with maximized efficiency. To do so, top-tier fertilizer producers are demanding that their process data becomes more consistent, accurate, and accessible from start to finish; to do this they are turning to Sigmafine.

Whether it means getting a consistent picture of transactions among the companies in a chemical site, estimate contaminants in an unmeasured pond or apply performance monitoring of energy intensive processes such as large rotating machines, fired heaters, etc. Sigmafine plays a key role in constraining raw data through first principle conservation of mass or energy and tracking how materials are moved across your facility.

Click here to discover how Pimsoft and Sigmafine can improve your operations and accounting data.

Sigmafine improves the quality of real-time data

Sigmafine is a model-based solution, robust and scalable, that runs periodically, even autonomously. The model incorporates measurements from meters, sensors, financial transactions, engineering estimates, even business logics, etc., to create a single and consistent dataset. The model often becomes the solution to:

  1. Inventory & loss monitoring with the estimation of unmeasured flows and inventories
  2. Early faulty detection of flow meters, level gauges and analyzers
  3. Product composition monitoring & validation
  4. Relating plant performance to business events; e.g. plant capacity vs product type
  5. Extending upstream material qualities for the estimation of downstream properties

Production Accounting: Inventory & Loss Monitoring

Sigmafine interfaces with several data repositories (real-time historians, relational databases, ERP systems, etc.) making cross validation of separated measurements possible using data reconciliation methodology. Data issues that are typically identified by Sigmafine include missing transactional data and biased measurements on the streams or the inventories.

Beyond providing an estimate for measurements in error, the magnitude of these discrepancies is quantified through Sigmafine statistical indicators allowing to sort and support an effective instrument maintenance plan.

Production accounting: Estimating unmeasured flows & inventories

Receiving raw materials (sulfuric acid, potash, phosphoric acids, etc) as well as the exporting of the final fertilizer products are generally well monitored, however the internal inventories intermediates are often not measured, and hence may not be fully utilized, as shown in the general schema below. Sigmafine goes beyond monitoring and cross-checking measurements as the solution also estimates unmeasurable flows or inventories, for example, the 11 boundary meters and 2 raw material inventories are used to estimate 3 flows and 6 inventories; which represents a 60% increase in the number of estimated measurement points. The Sigmafine result shows that the internal inventories are not steady, instead they are rapidly depleted on days with high outputs. Running extremely low inventories increases the risk of having unplanned plant wide shut-down and planning to avoid low inventory periods could include an earlier increasing of the upstream producing plants, thus highlighting a potential site capacity expansion.

Trucking estimates (undeclared delivery of product)

Early Detection of Faulty Measurements

Historically meters and analyzers were conditioned based on a maintenance schedule. Sigmafine inherently calculates the meter health via statistical data quality indicators. Meter health results can be seen visually within the model or consolidated via dedicated reports and by doing so, meters with unreliable measurements can be prioritized for maintenance. Reliable measurements quality indicator lies between 1, -1 however the results from the test period shown below exceeds this range indicating a significant error on this meter prior to its recalibration on day 25.

Material Quality Estimation of Unmeasured Inventories

Adhering to the target chemical ratios in fertilizer formulation as well as keeping contaminants at low levels are critical for the quality of the final product. This comes in contrast with poor availability in measurements and analyses. Sigmafine quality tracking supports the estimation of physical properties such as compositions and contaminants level through the facility using the few analytical data available and leveraging the mass balance results as well as the tracking of materials across the plant.

In the case below, Sigmafine tracks the quality parameters in inventories as a function of the raw material qualities in which the impurity levels is being increased, while the stored material is within specification (as related the target sulfur content), the continued use of high level Selenium in raw material could lead to re-processing cost due to the final product becoming out of specification. In this regard, Sigmafine quality tracking acts as an early warning system for material qualities (key components & impurities) at inventories.

*Model assumptions includes – no simultaneous production of products, inventories are well mixed and trucking services was inactive in the test period; initial inventory was approximately 100 times that of the daily feed rate

Connecting Productivity to Business events /Managing shared assets

Sigmafine mass & composition tracking analysis follows the logical movements of raw materials through to products, thus capable of linking operational performance to business events. For example, the daily production can be reported in terms on the raw materials consumed, product ratio, suppliers, shift. In the example below the impact of varying ratio of high/low sulfur products on the overall plant capacity is shown. , As the fraction of high sulfur product is increased, the total production capacity decreases, suggesting that while the plant is being operated to meet the product demand, the production planning could be tuned to produce these targets more effectively. In this example, operating at high ratio of (10/1) should be avoided, suggesting operations should aim at operating within a 0.3 to 0.6 range of high/low sulfur ratio in the products.


Sigmafine is a comprehensive, model-based solution with advanced calculations that, supports fertilizer operations and its supply chain, including plants with limited instrumentation. The newly cleansed, conditioned data-set facilitates improved management of inventories, giving insight on semi-finished and finished product material qualities when laboratory data are not yet available avoiding out-of-spec products and minimizing reprocessing costs.


Webinar: Quality Tracking for Fertilizer Process Plants

Discover Pimsoft’s approach for estimating product qualities and impurities, without increasing the instrumentation or laboratory testing, in unmeasured downstream inventories & flows.

This webinar will discuss how Pimsoft’s Sigmafine Quality Tracking Analysis can deliver significant improvements in estimating and monitoring material qualities, from raw materials to finished products.

View Presentation

Webinar: Material Tracking for NPK Facilities

Discover how Sigmafine Tracks and traces raw materials & costs from inventories to products using a model based digital twin

This webinar demonstrates Sigmafine capabilities regarding the tracking and tracing of your raw materials used throughout fertilizer production thus helping you to monitor raw material costs within inventories and products

View Presentation
Mass Balance for Fertilizer Production Plants

Webinar: Mass Balance for Fertilizer Production Plants

Discover Pimsoft’s structured approach which provides for the reduction of uncertainty in declared consumption, production, and inventory for production accounting.

This webinar demonstrates Sigmafine capabilities to provide accurate production accounting, inventory management and cost allocation for the identification of cost saving opportunities and providing evidence of recycled material quantities to support circulation economy projects.

View Presentation

Pimsoft Contact

Veletia Moodie

Veletia Moodie
Industry Principal for Fertilizers
Pimsoft, S.p.A.


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